Rationalizing
Also: Making Excuses, Retro Justification,
The End Justifies the Means, Two Wrongs Don’t Make a Right, Victim Blaming, Special Pleading, Double Standard, Disinformation
Class: Evade
Making an excuse to justify something.
You shouldn’t spread rumors about her.
Well she said rumors about me!
Two wrongs don’t make a right.
Climate change is caused by emissions.
That would mean we have to completely change many industries, so I just cannot believe in that. It must be natural.
Wishful thinking doesn’t make it true.
The study data showed that alcohol is worse than cannabis.
Well, we need to keep people off drugs, so let’s just fake the data.
Good intentions are no excuse for lying.
Well guys wouldn’t say those things to her if she didn’t dress that way.
So guys aren’t responsible for their own behavior? You’re blaming the victim!
Foolacy vs. Fallacy

Rationalization is sometimes listed as a fallacy, but definitions vary. Based on real-world argument examples I found, nearly all rationalizations were to justify wrongdoing, so that is the definition I chose for this foolacy.

Of course the distinction between rationalizing and making a fair counter-argument is very subjective. Rationalization uses many different tactics, including other foolacies, so consider this a catch-all for anything that doesn’t fit a more specific foolacy.
These are Level 1-4 examples   Show Analysis

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